Type 2 Diabetes Basics

The most common form of diabetes, affecting more than 18 million Americans, is called Type 2 Diabetes. It is often called noninsulin dependent diabetes, as opposed to Type 1 Diabetes, which is due to a lack of insulin. 

As people age, their bodies become less tolerant of sugars. People at highest risk for Type 2 Diabetes are those who are obese or overweight, women who have had gestational diabetes, people with family members who have Type 2 Diabetes, and people who have metabolic syndrome. 

What are the symptoms? These vary from person to person, but may include increased thirst, increased hunger, dry mouth, nausea and occasional vomiting, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, numbness or tingling of the hands or feet, frequent infections of the skin, urinary tract, or vagina. 

How is it managed? The key to good health is keeping your blood sugar levels within your target range, which can be done with proper diet, exercise, and medications. 

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